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A BTX computer introduced in 2006 using a Intel LGA775 socket processor. The 5150 is identical to the E510.

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crashed unfixable hardrive, can it be replaced/upgraded to win 10?

I have a Dell dimension E510 windows xp. It broke years back. The hard drive crashed and according to the computer is non existent. I would like to be able to have a a family member use the computer again. I know I need to replace the hard drive, but can it be replaced with windows 10, since xp is no longer secure online? Would I replace it with the exact same hard drive, then upgrade after? I am not a tech person so I am not sure what I need to do, or if it is even possible to upgrade this computer . Any help would be appreciated. ps. I understand that windows is not pre installed on the hard drive, but I’m not sure if I can upgrade to windows 10 from an xp after installing a new hard drive. I also heard that upgrading might make it run too slow, so would it be worth it to put in a new hard drive, and upgrade to windows 10? Like I said, I am not a tech person, so any help would be appreciated.

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According to the specifications in the service manual the motherboard only supports 4GB of DDR2-533 RAM.

There are posts online that show that 8GB will work in a Dell E510.

Also to consider is whether to use Win10-32 bit or 64-bit. Win 10 32-bit won’t recognize more than 4GB of RAM so installing 8GB is a waste. Win 10 64-bit will recognize up to 128GB but you would have to check that the CPU in the computer supports 64-bit, some Pentium 4 CPU models don’t

I run Win10 32-bit with only 2GB of RAM (non upgradeable) on an old laptop (pre 2010, Intel Atom CPU) . It is painfully slow but still works OK and can do most things albeit slowly. Installing a SSD instead of a HDD, will no doubt improve the performance a bit, but I cannot justify the cost.

If you do decide to upgrade/update then ensure that the motherboard BIOS is the latest version, just to make sure that it may be compatible as well.

When Win10 is installing it should provide the most suitable drivers for the hardware as the Dell drivers on the computer’s support page are outdated as far as Win10 goes. Support from Dell ended with Win Vista.

In the end it may come down to economics. It is a very old computer in computer terms and it may be very slow and may not even work when trying to use 3rd party programs designed to run on computers with more recent and better specifications.

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If it’s indeed from this era, you might want to upgrade several things for it to run smoothly.

It’s not prohibitive to just throw another drive with win10 and have it run, but performance will be poor.

Good thing with desktops, however, is that you can always upgrade (I have my old tower from 2003 with new components, runs like a charm).

If you want to put some time into it, you can build a technically new PC for less money than if you bought it pre-assembled. Around 400 euro should be enough to build a low end PC (assuming it’s for basic usage).

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